Issue 2023 cover
Aphanius Iberus in the Ebro River delta, by Mariano Cebolla

ISSN 2386-8228

DOI 10.29094/FiSHMED

The presence of Acipenser sturgeons in the Iberian Peninsula: a review of the existing literature

Rafael Miranda and Javier Oscoz

FiSHMED 2023.002: 14p

Abstract : The conservation status of sturgeon species is highly alarming. Six of the European Acipenser species are critically endangered. Several studies developed in the last decades have analysed the distribution of sturgeons in the Iberian Peninsula, questioning the possibility of the native character of some Acipenser species there, with a special focus on the Adriatic sturgeon, A. naccarii. We review the available knowledge on the distribution on Iberian Acipenser sturgeons, in order to ascertain their nativeness status, as a necessary tool to implement measures for their management and conservation. One vagrant specimen of A. oxyrinchus, and several released or escaped specimens of A. baerii and A. naccarii have been recorded in the Iberian Peninsula. Our results show that the Atlantic sturgeon A. sturio is the only native sturgeon species that has had breeding populations in the past in the Iberian Peninsula. Regarding A. naccarii, further evidence is required to prove its dubious native character in the Iberian Peninsula. Although the reviewed studies have solidly shown that A. naccarii has been present outside the Adriatic basin, the presence of isolated individuals does not constitute sufficient evidence to sustain the existence of past breeding populations.

Keywords : Acipenser naccarii, Acipenser sturio, conservation plans, management, distribution

Citation : Miranda R, Oscoz J (2023) The presence of Acipenser sturgeons in the Iberian Peninsula: a review of the existing literature. Fishes in Mediterranean Environments 2023.002: 14p. https://doi.org/10.29094/FiSHMED.2023.002

Article first published online : 20 August 2023

FiSHMED is an international scientific journal edited by 
the Iberian Society of Ichthyology – SIBIC

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